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Umrah
1. Ihram - Before reaching Meeqat

The Miqat is the place of getting into the state of Ihram. It is a place where a pilgrim waits for permission to enter Allah's House and purification from all pollutions.

The literal meaning of Ihram is to make 'Haraam' (forbidden). When a Haji pronounces the Niyat (intention) of Hajj and Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain Halaal (permissible) things become 'Haraam' for him. This combined action (Niyat and Talbiyah) is called Ihram.

A. Preparations for Ihram: Remove unwanted hair, trim nails, make ghusl (bath) and wudhu (ablution) or at least wudhu.

B. Ihram: Put on clothes of Ihram - 2 white un-sewn pieces of cloth for men and regular clothes for women. Women should not cover their faces during Ihram and men should not cover their heads during Ihram.

C. Nafl Sala'at: Pray 2 Raka'ats of Sala'at (avoid makrooh times). Recite Surah al-Kafirun in 1st raka'at and Surah al-Ikhlas in the 2nd raka'at after Surah Faatihah.

D. Intention and Talbiyah: Make Niyat (Intention) for Umrah in any language or recite:

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّھُمَّ بِعُمْرَة

"Labbaik Allahumma bi-`Umrah"

"Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making Umrah."

Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and then recite Durood Sharif and supplicate to Allah Almighty any Du'aa. Going to Masjid Al-Haram (Ka'bah), men to recite Talbiyah loudly (women quietly).

Talbiyah Recitation (Hajj prayer supplication):

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّھُمَّ لَبَّيْك، لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْك، إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَ النِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَ الْمُلْكُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَك

"Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk innal hamda wanni'mata laka walmulk La sharika lak"

"Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call), here I am. here I am, YOU have no partner, here I am. Indeed all the Praise, Grace and Sovereignty belong to You. YOU have no partner."


2. TAWAAF (Circling the Ka'bah 7 times) (Tawaaful-Qudoom)

Tawaaf means circling around something . Here it means moving around Ka'bah seven times with extreme love and devotion.

Entering Masjid Al-Haram in Mecca - Enter with the right foot and recite:

اللَّھُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِك

"Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika"

"O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me."

iztaba iztaba

At the First sight of the the Ka'bah, say "Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallah" 3 times, recite Durood and very humbly and with tears in your eyes supplicate (Dua) to Allah for whatever you wish. This is a special time for the acceptance of prayers. After this, while uttering Talbiyah, move forward to perform Tawaaf of Ka'bah.

A. Preparation: Pass the upper sheet of Ihram from underneath the right arm and put it on the left shoulder. This act bares the right shoulder and is known as 'Iztaba'.

Ablution (wudhu) is essential for Tawaaf. Reciting of Talbiyah is stopped when you reach Hajr-e- Aswad, the starting point of Tawaaf. Hajr-e- Aswad is the black stone set in the eastern wall of the Ka'bah by the Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) in 605 A.D.

B. Niyat (Intention): Stand in front of Ka'bah facing Hajr-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) in such a way that the whole Hajre-e-Aswad is on your right side. To achieve this end, you may get help from the black stripe on the floor. This stripe should be on your right side. Also, there is a green light on the right side indicating the same. Then without raising your hands make Niyat (intention) for Umrah:


اَلّلٰهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ فَيَسِّرْهَا لِيْ وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّيْ

"Allahumma inni uridu’l-umrah fa-yassirhu li wa-taqabbalhu minni"

"Oh Allah, I intend to perform Umrah;

make it easy for me and accept it from me."

tawaf

C. Istilam: Now moving towards right, come in front of Hajr-e-Aswad and raise your hands to your ears keeping your open palms towards Hajre-e-Aswad and say:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd"

"In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise is for Allah"

and kiss both your palms and drop your hands down. This act of kissing Hajr-e-Aswad or pointing towards it is called 'Istilam'. After Istilam, turn right and start Tawaaf counter clockwise.

Repeat the complete Istilam every time starting a new circuit until all 7 circuits are complete. Men should walk briskly during first 3 circuits only. This is called 'Raml'. The remaining 4 circuits are done at a normal pace. Women will not do Raml and walk normally.

Note: Due to heavy crowd, it is not possible to kiss the Hajr-e-Aswad physically or touch it; therefore, it is normal to do Istilam from a distance.


D. Supplication of Tawaaf: There are no fixed supplications for Tawaaf but there are several recommended supplications:

سُبْحَان الِلّه وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ وَ لآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِىّ الْعَظِيْم

"Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah

wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billah aliyil Azeem."

"Glory be to Allah and Praise to Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest"

If you don't remember these words, you may glorify Allah by repeatedly uttering the following or any other supplication glorifying Allah:

سُبْحَانَ اللّه , الحمد لله, الله أكبر, لا إله إلا الله

"Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah , Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illallah"

“Glory be to Allah, Praise be to Allah, Allah is the Greatest, There is no God but Allah Himself”

سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ وَ بِحَمْدِهِ ، سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ الْعَظِيمِ

"Subhan Allah Wabi Hamdi hi Subhan Allah hil Azeem"

“Glory be to Allah, and Praise, Glory be to Allah, the Supreme”

It is Sunnah to recite the following when going between Ar- Ruknul-Yamani (Yemeni corner of Ka'bah) and al-Hajarul-Aswad (If possible, touch Yemeni corner in each circuit; if not, then do not make any sign towards it.)

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار

"Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azaban nar."

"Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!"

Perform Istilam for the 8th time to finish Tawaaf. Once Tawaaf is complete, cover your right shoulder.

Note: At no point during Tawaaf should one face or turn his/her back towards Ka'baah. This can only be done when making Istilam.

kaaba

E. Multazam: Now, come to Multazam which is a place five or six feet in length between Hajr-e-Aswad and the door of Ka'bah. This is a highly sacred place where prayers are accepted. Among a large crowd of people, if it is possible to reach Multazam, cling to it pressing your chest and cheeks, and while trembling and crying with devotion and with all humility seek Allah's mercy, His blessings and ask Him whatever you wish. If you are unable to come close to Multazam (due to heavy crowd), just face towards it and supplicate from a distance.

F. Maqam Ibrahim: Next offer two Raka'ats of Nafls behind and close to Maqam Ibrahim without covering your head. If it is zawal time when sajdah is not allowed, you have to wait till this undesirable time is passed and then offer prayers. In the Niyat (intention), say that you are offering 2 Raka'ats of Nafl Wajib Al-Tawaaf. Recite Surah al-Kafirun in 1st Raka'at and Surah al-Ikhlas in the 2nd Raka'at. Before 2 Rak'at, say, "Wattakhi-dh-u Mi-Maqami Ibrahima Musalla". After this, supplicate, ask Allah whatever you wish and invoke His blessings. If it is not possible to offer this obligatory prayer near Maqam Ibrahim, it can be offered anywhere in Mataf, or in Hatim or anywhere in Masjid Al-Haram or even at any place in Haram of Mecca.

G. Zamzam: After the 2 Nafl prayers, proceed to drink Zamzam water. Make Dua as follows:

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّىْ اَسْئَلُكَ عِلْمًا نَافِعًا وَّ رِزْقًا وَّاَ سِعًا وَّشِفَاءً مِّنْ كُلِّ دَآءٍ

"Allahummah inni as'aluka ilm-an naafi'an wa rizqan

waasi'an wa shifa'am min kulli daa'in."

"O Allah! I beseech You to bless me with a useful knowledge,"

"a generous subsistence, and a cure from any ailment and disease!"

If going for Sa'ee then perform Istilam for the 9th time (optional but desirable [Mustahab]).



3. Sa'ee (Completion of 7 rounds Safa & Marwahh)

The literal meaning of Sa'ee is to run or to make effort, but as a Hajj and Umrah term, Sa'ee denotes walking back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwahh which are situated to the south and north of the Ka'bah respectively. Now there are only signs of these hills and the whole route between them is enclosed in a long gallery.

saee

A. Istilam of Hajr-e-Aswad: Before starting Sa'ee, do Istilam of Hajr-e-Aswad again the ninth time or point towards it, saying:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamd"

"In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise is for Allah"

Now proceed to Mount Safa. It is a Sunnah to be in the state of ablution during Sa'ee.

B. Intention (Niyat): Move towards the hill of Safa and make Niyyat (Intention) of Sa'ee in any language. " O Allah! I perform Sa'ee between Safa and Marwahh to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me." Now recite:

اِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَا ئِرِ اللّٰهِ

"Inn-as-Safa wal-Marwahh min Sha'a'irillah"

"Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwah are of the Symbols of Allah."

After this, facing the Ka'bah raise your hands in supplication, say 'Allahu Akbar' three times and recite the following supplication or ask Allah whatever you wish:

لَا اِلَهَ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرَیْكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْ ءٍقَدِیْرٌ

"La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la Sharika lahu, lahul-mulku

wa lahul-hamdu wa ala kulli shai'in Qadeer."

"There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner.

To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise. He is Omnipotent over all things."

If you don't remember this, you may use the supplication recited earlier during Tawaaf:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd"

"In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise is for Allah"

C. Proceed towards Marwahh: Now get ready to proceed towards Marwahh with recitation of the following Dua facing the Ka'baah:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَآئِرِ للهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ بِھِمَا وَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً فَإِنَّ للهََّ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيْم

"Innas-safaa wal Marwahta min sha'aa'irillaahi faman hajjal baita 'awi`tamara falaa junaaha 'alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa waman tatawwa'a khiran fa'innAllaha shaakirun 'aleemun"

"Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwahh are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or 'Umrah of the House to perform the Tawaaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower."

Then say:

نبدأ بما بدأ الله به

"Nabdaoo bimaa bada’Allahu bihi"

"We begin with that which Allah began with."

Complete walk from as-Safa to al-Marwahh (one circuit), then al-Marwahh to as-Safa (second circuit) and continue for seven circuits, finishing at al-Marwahh. Upon encountering green lights, men only - run from one light to other light. Make Du'aaa / Dhikr, etc. along the way or recite:

سُبْحَان الِلّه وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ وَ لآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِىّ الْعَظِيْم

"Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allahu wa-Allahu Akbar

wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa-billahal aliyil Azeem."

"Glory be to Allah and Praise to Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest"

If you don't remember this supplication also, recite Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar repeatedly and keep moving.

D. Each Round: Each time you complete one round of as-Safa / al-Marwahh (every time on the side of Mount as-Safa or al-Marwah), face direction of Kabah, raise hands, say this dua three times and after each of the 3 times supplicate in any language for anything:

لَلهُّ أَكْبَر، لَلهُّ أَكْبَر، لَلهُّ أَكْبَر لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ للهُّ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَ يُمِيْتُ وَ ھُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْر؛لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ للهُّ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، أَنْجَ زَ وَعْدَه وَ نَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَ ھَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَ حْدَه

"Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar - laa illaaha illallahu wahdau laa shareekalah - lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu - yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shai'in qadeer - laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah - anjaza wa'dahu wa nasara ' abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu"

"Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise. He alone gives life and causes death, He is Omnipotent over all things. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. He has fulfilled His promise, and helped His slave, and He alone has defeated the confederates."

In the mid-way of the al-Safa- and al-Marwah path say:

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَمْ ، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الأَعَزُّ الأَكْرَمُ

"Rabb Ighfir warrham, innaka Anta al-‘Aa’azz al-Akram."

"O Allah forgive me and have mercy on me, Indeed You are the Most Honorable and the Most Generous"

E. Two Raka'at Nafl: After Sa'ee, if it is not an undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two Raka'ats of Nafl in Al-Haram.


4. Shaving Head / Trim Hair (Halq or Qasr):
halq men halq women

Men - After completing Sa'ee, Men should preferably get their whole head shaved (Halq); but it is permissible to cut the hair of their whole head equal in length to a joint of a finger, about an inch (Qasr). It is also permissible to cut the hair (about an inch) of one fourth of the head. Qasr is only permissible if your hair is more than 1 inch long.

Women - A woman is prohibited to shave her head. She can cut about an inch long hair of one fourth of her head. But according to some scholars it is sufficient for a woman to have a lock of her hair clipped. Women should gather the hair together and trim about 1 inch off the end of their plait, themselves.

Upon leaving Masjid Al-Haram with the left foot, recite:

ال لَّھُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِك

"Allahumma innee 'as'aluka min fadhlika"

"O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad. O Allah, verily I ask You from Your Favor."

Men normally go out of the Masjid-Al-Haram and perform Halq or Qasr while Women normally perform Qasr at Marwahh after the last circuit of Sa'ee. After Halq, your Umrah is now complete. May Allah accept it. Men may now remove Ihram, as all restrictions are now lifted.

Repeating an Umrah while in Mecca

One can repeat Umrah as many times as one wants by following this procedure for each new Umrah:

1. Go to Masjid-e-Aisha in Mecca after wearing an Ihram or you can wear an Ihram there (following all of Ihram restrictions).

2. Pray two Raka'ats Nafl for Umrah and make the Niyat.

3. Then return to Masjid-Al-Haram to begin your Umrah.